by Cat, Oct 2007 (Photo, right, from Wikimedia Commons)
Pan roasting was a new experience for me, but after trying this recipe from Cook’s Magazine, I’m hooked, and have used the same technique for other meats as well. It’s quick and easy, and the result is delicious. Slow roasting in the oven is probably a more healthful way to roast meats, but takes much longer.
Aug 2015 update: I couldn’t get bone-in, skin-on breasts, so I made this with 2 bone-in, skin-on thighs which I brined before pan-roasting. I used dry vermouth to deglaze the pan, and my homemade chicken stock flavored with garlic, fresh sage and thyme for the sauce. Delicious! I think I like this even better with thighs.
In addition to the main recipe, I also provide a variation with Baba Ghanoush (Eggplant & Garbanzo Dip).
- Includes: 1. Pan-Roasted Chicken Breast in Wine & Herb Sauce; 2. Pan-Roasted Chicken Breast with Baba Ghanoush
- See also: 1. Poultry Main Course Menu for other Pan Roasted Chicken Breast recipes; 2. Brining Chicken; 3. Baba Ghanoush (Eggplant Dip)
Pan Roasted Chicken Breasts or Thighs
This recipe is adapted from Cook’s Magazine, and serves 2. It is one of my weekly staples, as it is quick and easy to fix.
You can easily double or triple the recipe. You can also vary the flavor by using different herbs or different wines, such as:
- dry vermouth with fresh sage or tarragon;
- sherry with fresh thyme;
- dry red wine with fresh rosemary.
When I make Chicken Stock or Broth, I pour part of the batch into 2 ice cube trays and freeze. 2 cubes = ¼ cup. (Be sure to measure the volume of the cubes in your cube tray, as they may be a different size). This allows me to use a small quantity of stock at a time, such as is required in this recipe.
I DO NOT RECOMMEND using skinless/boneless chicken because these are essential for the proper flavor and texture, not to mention the health benefits of the skin and bones (including the bone marrow). Do not remove skin from the chicken breasts before cooking; if you do, the result will be tough and dry.
The original recipe uses olive oil for browning and chicken over high heat, but high temperatures will cause the oil to break down and go rancid (produce free radicals). Therefore I recommend using a fat that can tolerate the high heat, such as lard, coconut oil, avocado oil, or ghee (palm oil also works, but it is greatly responsible for loss of rain forests in SE Asia, that are essential for climate control).
Oven vs Pan Roasting:
After browning the chicken in a skillet, there are two ways you can go:
- Oven roast: According to the original recipe, you turn off the burner but leave the breasts in the oven-proof skillet, skin-side down. Then roast in a preheated 4500 F. oven for 15 – 18 minutes (depending on size of the breasts), uncovered. Turn oven off when done.
- Pan Roast: If you don’t like cleaning up the oven splatters, turn chicken skin-side down, put a lid on the skillet and roast on top of the stove with the burner on medium high for 10 – 15 minutes (depending on size of the breasts). This is the method I use.
Ingredients & Equipment:
- 2 chicken breast halves, with skin and rib bones, brined; OR 4 chicken thighs with skin and bone, brined
- ground black pepper
- 2 – 3 tsp lard or coconut/avocado oil
- 2 – 3 cloves garlic, minced (for milder flavor, such as when using sherry wine, mince a small shallot)
- 3 whole fresh sage leaves (or 3 – 6 leaves French tarragon)
- ½ cup dry white wine, such as dry vermouth
- ½ cup homemade rich chicken stock (fresh or frozen)
- ½ tsp unbleached white flour or tapioca starch (or make a buerre manie using ½ tsp each flour/starch and butter; instructions included)
- 2 – 4 Tbsp butter
- large bowl (for brining)
- cast iron skillet with oven-proof handle
- splatter screen
- sauce whisk (photo, right, from Amazon)
- Prep: Place breasts/thighs in a bowl of salt brine, and let rest in refrigerator for 30 minutes. Refer to How to brine Chicken for instructions.
- Prepare/thaw homemade chicken stock (or use a commercial broth).
- Meanwhile, mince the garlic (or shallot); wash and dry sage leaves (or other herbs); if leaves are large, cut in half along the center stem.
- After 30 minutes of brining, remove chicken from brine; rinse, and dry with a paper towel. If the half-breasts are large, cut in half, horizontally.
- If you didn’t brine the chicken, salt all sides.
- Lightly pepper all sides.
- If you plan to oven-roast (optional–see above), preheat oven to 4500 F.
- Roast: Heat lard/oil in cast iron skillet over high heat. Add chicken pieces, skin side down. Cover with a splatter screen to minimize splattering (do not use a lid). Cook over high heat 5 minutes. Using a kitchen tong, turn over each piece, and cook another 3 (5 for thighs) minutes. Then turn pieces over again (skin side down), and turn heat down to medium-high for pan-roast, or turn off if oven-roast.
- Roast chicken about 15 – 18 minutes for breast, 20 minutes or more for thighs, following one of the two methods described above (in preheated oven, or on top of stove). Center of breast should register 165°F (breasts) or 170°F (thighs) with an instant read thermometer.
- Remove chicken pieces to a platter and keep warm.
- Sauce: There should be plenty of chicken fat mixed with the lard/oil in the pan. You can pour off some if you wish, but retain at least a tablespoon. Place pan over medium heat; add garlic (or shallot) and herbs; saute, stirring until garlic softens a bit, about 1 – 2 minutes.
- Add wine and stir/whisk well, scraping browned bits off the bottom of the pan to flavor the sauce, for about 2 minutes. Add stock and continue to stir/whisk; if using frozen broth cubes, stir until they are melted. I like to use a special whisk made for sauces (see above), but a fork will also work. Cook until nearly half the volume.
- Thicken (2 options):
- Add flour/starch while whisking, to avoid lumps.
- Or make a buerre manie using ½ tsp flour/tapioca starch and ½ tsp butter, mashed together then rolled into 2 small balls; add to pan and whisk until dissolved and sauce thickens. Check the chicken pieces; if any juices have leaked out, add them to sauce in pan.
- Add butter, 1 Tbsp at a time, whisking it into the sauce until it is incorporated, before adding the next bit of butter. When all butter has been incorporated, pour sauce over the chicken pieces on the platter and serve.
Assembly or Serving Suggestions
- I like to serve this with steamed brown rice, or cooked wild rice. You can garnish with sprigs of herb or parsley.
- The red wine version is excellent with buttered linguine or fettucini on the side.
- Another excellent side dish is seared green beans or asparagus.
Pan Roasted Chicken Breasts with Baba Ghanoush
(photo, left, from Wikimedia Commons) I came up with this combination when I got two small eggplants in my CSA bounty. They were too small to make Eggplant Parmesan or Moussaka, and I didn’t have anything else to add to a stir fry, so I decided to make a small batch of Baba Ghanoush. But what to have with this treat? Pan Roasted chicken!
Make pan roasted chicken recipe above, with the following modifications:
- Brine, then season breasts with a bit of ground cumin, in addition to black pepper.
- Sear and roast the breasts as above, but don’t make the sauce.
- Slice the roasted breast meat and arrange on plate around a mound of Baba Ghanoush (Eggplant Dip).
- Sprinkle with minced fresh parsley, and serve. Excellent with pita bread and Tabouli (Tabbouleh), a parsley, bulgur & tomato salad on the side.