Pets, and Foods for Pets Menu

 

Charlie Cat

Photo, right, by Catherine Haug 

This menu includes the following categories:

NOTE: Cats are obligatory carnivores (they eat primarily meats, and can be harmed by a diet comprised mainly of plants/herbs; exceptions include catnip, pumpkin, and slippery elm syrup). Dogs are also carnivores, but not obligatory, and can tolerate more plant foods.

Need to redo: Create separate articles for the categories below, then turn this page into a menu with links to those articles.

Menu

  1. Nurture a Long-Lived Pet
  2. Foods for Pets:
    1. Foods for Cats
    2. Foods for Dogs
  3. Other Topics for Pets
    1. Pet Health
    2. Homemade Remedies for Pets
      1. Choking
      2. Constipation
      3. UTI Health
    3. Risks and Other Issues for Pets (move #1 to this category?)

Nurture a Long-Lived Cat (late teens, early 20s)

See a great Mercola-Pets article on Nurture a Long-Lived Cat. I’ve save a pdf version: HEALTH-NUTRITION / PODCASTS-ARTICLES / MERCOLA-PETS > NurtureLongLivedCats_MCL-Pets_062222.pdf. The article includes 5 ways:

  1. Feed a nutritionally optimal, species-specific diet: high-moisture diet with human grade meat, moderate amounts of high-quality animal fat, and very low percentage of carbs.
  2. Keep cat lean and well-conditioned.
  3. Don’t over-vaccinate.
  4. Don’t let your cat outdoors without supervision.
  5. Consider a detoxification protocol; includes using filtered water and avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals. A regular detox program is recommended. Also use natural home-cleaning and pest-control products.

Food Cautions for Pets:

Commercial Foods

More and more people are discovering that most commercial pet foods are not good for their pets’ health. Check out “The List” (The 2021 List of pet foods the writer trusts to give to her own pets): truthaboutpetfood.com/the-list/

Ingredients to avoid in pet foods:

  • Xylitol, a type of sugar, and one of the worst ingredients in some pet foods. See Mercola Pets article for more info: “Healthy for Humans but Enticing and Deadly for Dogs.”
  • Chocolate is another toxic ingredient for pets.
  • Sodium selenite: While the mineral “selenium” is essential for pets (and human) health, many cat foods contain a toxic form as a salt: sodium selenite. Dog foods typically use a healthful chelated form of selenium, known as “selenium yeast,” but that is banned from cat foods by the US Government… probably because they believe there are too many cats in our country.

Best ingredients for pets: I believe the best thing you can do for cats and dogs is give them raw meat and organ meat from pasture-raised chicken beef, lamb, etc. (see list: “Raw or Homemade Wet Foods for Cats,” below). Wild-caught fish and seafood can also be given, but not as frequently because the high amounts of iodine in fish/seafood can cause hypothyroid issues in pets. However, krill oil from a very small ocean-fish called krill is a highly recommended food, but not whole krill.  

You can also add a bit of plant-foods such as carrots, pumpkin, etc., but remember that dogs are carnivores and cats are obligatory carnivores, so avoid high-carb plant foods.

Foods for Cats

These are the categories, in order from most healthful to least healthful, as below:

  • Raw or Homemade Wet Foods for Cats
  • Commercial Frozen, Raw-Foods for Cats
  • Commercial Freeze-Dried Foods for Cats
  • Canned Human Foods Recommended for Cats
  • Canned Cat Foods
  • Kibble for Cats
  • NOTE: I don’t include recipes here; see Homemade Cat-Food (About), tho I’ve not yet added recipes as of 9/5/22

Other sites: 

    • Mercola-Pets: Quail meat or eggs is an excellent option to more traditional meats for pets.
    • Mercola-Pets: “The 3 Biggest Mistakes Pet Parents Make With Homemade Food,” by Dr. Becker. [NOTE: I’ve saved a pdf version of this article: CATSFORK / PDF Files / PETS > “3-BiggestMistakes_HomemadePetFood_MCL.pdf”]. The 3 Mistakes to Avoid are:
      1. Feeding only Meat
      2. Forgetting Fiber; “A good rule of thumb is to keep produce content less than 25% of diets for dogs and 15% for cats.”
      3. Skipping Supplements (like probiotics, Omega-3 fats
    • Mercola-Pets: Can You Feed Sweet Potatoes to your Pets?; the answer is yes – as a snack, but they need to be cooked well, as raw sweet potatoes are difficult to digest. Also, while they are often called yams, they are not the same. Be sure to use “sweet potatoes.” Cat’s note: If you make your own pet food, you can also add the cooked sweet potatoes to the mix.
    • Mercola-Pets: Good, Quality Cat Food (especially the last section: “The Cat Food I Recommend: A Nutritionally Balanced Raw Homemade Diet”

Caring for Pets

Raw or Homemade Wet Foods for Cats

See my article: Homemade Cat-food (About); includes discussion of added ingredients: oils, fiber/starches, amino acids and selenium.

The foods in the following list can also be lightly cooked (as “rare.”)

  • Raw and Homemade Foods for Cats (still experimenting)
    • Red meats:
      • Beef: best raw or cooked rare (per Mercola-Pets article on beef); that article has a couple recipes. Use beef that is from pasture-raised and finished cows.
      • Bison is one of the best red meat for pets, as it is rich in Omega-3s. Like beef, it is best raw or cooked rare (per Mercola-Pets article on bison meat); article includes a “treats” recipe.
      • Elk meat is an excellent food (per Mercola-Pets article on elk meat)
      • Goat meat is another one the best red meat for both cats and dogs (per Mercola-Pets article on goat meat)
      • Lamb: best raw or lightly cooked (similar to beef). Use lamb-meat that is from pasture-raised and finished lambs.
    • Chicken and turkey: Free-range chicken is great for cats, but remove the bones. Should be fed in balance with foods rich in Omega-3s (EPA and DHA), such as krill oil (per Mercola-Pets articles on chicken and turkey.
    • Eggs: These are another excellent food for pets – provided they are from pasture-raised chicken. Eggs can be scrambled, sunny-side up or used as a binder for other ingredients (per Mercola-Pets article on eggs). [Re: as a binder, such as mixing with beef and carrots]. 
    • Fish: best not to feed fish to cats daily – instead, use only as a special treat (per Mercola-Pets article on salmon) as fish are rich in iodine which can cause hyperthyroid issues in cats.
      • Cod: I love wild-caught true cod, and share a few bites with my cats 1-2 times a week.
      • Krill: These are very tiny fish rich in Omega-3s (EPA and DHA); I’ve never seen fresh krill for sale, so I give them a daily bite of Mercola’s “Omega-3 Krill Soft Chews,” or his “Krill Oil Pump.”
      • Salmon: When I have a dinner with wild-caught Coho or Sockeye salmon, I give a couple tiny bites to my cats. And for a treat about once a week, I give them a tiny bite of freeze-dried, wild-caught Alaska Salmon (Life Essential’s brand).
      • Tuna: while it could offer a wealth of nutrients, most tuna is also loaded with toxic pollutants including flame retardants, pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and toxic heavy metals. So it is best to feed your pets tuna much less frequently than other meats.
    • Fruits: while most fruits are not good for cats, cantaloupe is an exception, and my cats love it. Give it to them raw, and cut up to the right size for your pet(s). It is “low in calories and high in water content, which makes it a great treat for rehydrating your pet” (per Mercola Pets). My young cat won’t drink water, so he gets his water from cantaloupe.
    • Organ meats (preferably from pastured or wild-caught animals). For example, my cats love giblets: liver, etc. (raw or lightly cook, then cut-up before serving).
    • Pork: pasture-raised pork is rich in Omega-3s and is good for cats (per Mercola-pets article on pork meat); that article has a couple interesting recipes using pork. However, best to use locally-raised pork that is raised on pasture; most commercial pork is fed food that contains bad fats/oils such as from GMO corn, soy and canola. I buy pork from pigs raised by children who participate in 4-H.
    • Veggies: For great info, see petfoodfacts.mercola.com/vegetables.html. For example:
      • Romaine lettuce contains polyphenols that may support pet’s health in different ways, such as helping manage inflammation and immune system health …[It] also contains dietary fiber that may help keep your pet’s digestive health in top shape. [Caution:] Don’t feed too much romaine lettuce to your pet, as it may cause gastrointestinal upset due to excess fiber. … You can easily add 1 to 2 tablespoons per cup of pet food. ” (from Mercola Pets: petfoodfacts.mercola.com/vegetables/lettuce.html).

Commercial Frozen, Raw Foods for Cats

A new, locally-owned pet-food store (Happy Hounds) recently opened in my small community, and they carry frozen raw foods for cats and dogs, so I will start introducing my two cats to this option that is far better than canned or kibble foods. See The Spruce Pets for the 8 Best Brands of Raw-Frozen or Freeze-Dried foods.

Commercial Freeze-Dried Foods for Cats

Most brands suggest using these dried bits as snacks. Unfortunately my cats don’t like the ones I’ve tried, except for Cat-Man-Doo, Life Essentials brand of Freeze-Dried Wild-caught Alaskan Salmon which they LOVE. But as mentioned above, one should not feed fish like salmon every day, even if it is freeze-dried, because it is high in iodine which could cause hyperthyroid issues in cats. See The Spruce Pets for the 8 Best Brands of Raw-Frozen or Freeze-Dried foods.

Canned Human Foods recommended for Cats

Canned Cat Foods

For canned food, I’ve been using Friskies (5.5 oz cans) and Fancy Feast (3 oz cans) brands because they do not contain toxic sodium selenite; see my article Beware: Sodium selenite in pet food is toxic for more about this. Canned foods offer more needed moisture than dry kibble offers. However, they are still low on the “good” list of foods for cats.

Daily amount of canned foods for adult cats

(from Purina, re their Friskies brand): 

“Feed adult cats 1 to 1-1/4 oz per pound of body weight daily. Divide into two or more meals. Adjust as needed to maintain ideal body condition. Kittens need up to twice as much food as adult cats and should be fed all they will eat two or three times daily.”

  • My new 1-year old Teddy (he’s now 2½ as of my August ’22 update):
    I got him from our local animal shelter in Oct ’20; at that time, he weighed about 8 lbs, and was very skinny because he didn’t like the kibble they fed him. When I started giving him canned or homemade food, he ate it up and wanted more, eating 8 – 10 oz daily (up to two 5.5 oz cans). By Christmas ’20, he had gained a lot of weight and has quite a round belly.
  • My 16+ year-old Charlie (he’s now 19 as of my August ’22 update) has kidney disease and other health issues. (In early 2020, he was about 11 lbs, but as of Oct ’20, he had lost weight (to just skin and bones) because he didn’t eat much, only ½ – 1 can of Fancy Feast (1.5 – 3 oz) daily. But in Nov ’20, I learned he had a sick tooth which is why he wasn’t eating much; it finally fell out and his gums are healing and he started to eat a bit more canned or homemade cat food (sodium-selenite-free). Hooray! But he could still eat more, as he is still very skinny.
  • May ’21: I’m starting to feed both cats raw or lightly-cooked wild-caught salmon or cod. They both prefer the lightly cooked version, so I’ll slowly add in a bit of the raw to get them used to it. But I should only do this 1-2 times per week to avoid thyroid trouble.

Kibble for Cats

For your pet’s health, kibble should NOT be their primary food. This is definitely not the best food for obligatory carnivores like cats because they are usually primarily grains, tho some brands are better than others.

I use Orijen-brand cat kibble (a sodium-selenite-free food) as a treat for my cats, or if I’m going to be away from home for several hours, as it doesn’t spoil as fast as fresh or canned at foods, and it is grain- and soy-free. Origen brand does not use grains – the primary ingredients are meats. Acana-brand is produced by the same company as Orijen (Champion Pet Foods), and also is sodium-selenite-free.

The first ingredients in Orijen’s Cat and Kitten’s kibble are: “Deboned chicken, deboned turkey, cage-free eggs, Atlantic flounder, whole Atlantic mackerel, chicken liver, turkey liver, whole Atlantic herring, chicken heart, turkey heart.” It also contains some fruits and veggies, including:whole pumpkin, whole butternut squash…kale, spinach, mustard greens, collard greens, turnip greens, whole carrots, apples, pears,” as well as various seeds and herbs.

For a comparison of Orijen and Acana, see petfoodreviewer.com/acana-vs-orijen-dog-food-brand-comparison/ and Paw Diet: Acana Cat Food Ingredients site. For more about the difference between Origen and Acana, see mrdogfood.com/orijen-vs-acana-dog-food-pros-cons-of-each-brand.

June 2021 update: I am slowly replacing the canned food with raw or lightly-cooked meats. I serve them:

  • very rare-cooked pastured chicken, lamb or beef on most days; plus, I recently learned the LOVE raw chicken livers!
  • raw wild-caught salmon, halibut or cod, about once a week

Foods for Dogs

I’ve not done much research on food for dogs, as I don’t have a dog. But I hope to start studying this topic soon.

    • Raw and Homemade Foods for Dogs: I don’t have a dog, so I’ve not been able to do any experimentation of homemade dog foods. However, when I was a child in the 50’s, our dog, Mikki, mostly ate ground beef, lamb or chicken, and she loved it!

      Just as for cats, kibble should be your last choice, and it should be quality kibble such as Origen brand.

  •  

Other Topics for Pets

Why do cats LOVE boxes?

From Mercola Pets article: Why do Cats Love Boxes. Here’s their Story at-a-Glance:

    • “Earlier in the year, zoo officials in Providence, RI put out a call on social media for empty boxes for their big cats, since all cats, no matter their size, wild or domesticated, have a thing for boxes
    • Part of the magic of cardboard boxes and other small spaces is that they help cats stay warm in environments that are typically cooler than they like it
    • Research also shows that newly arrived shelter cats with access to hiding boxes adapt more quickly to their environment than those without boxes, are less stressed and more interactive with humans
    • When it comes to boxes cats, like humans, can be fooled by optical illusions; a small citizen science study showed that cats will sit inside 2D shapes that only look squares with about the same frequency as they’ll sit inside real squares
    • Cats may be attracted to squares (and illusions of squares) as an extension of their love for boxes and other tight spaces”

Homemade Remedies, Treatments for Cats, Dogs 

Risks and Other Info For/About Pets

    • Sodium Selenite in Pet Foods is Toxic
    • The Problem of Tap and Distilled Water for Cats
    • Carcinogenic Glyphosate in Pet Foods
    • Plants (indoors, outdoors) that can Kill your Pet
    • Other Risks, Info (several links to articles

For canned food, I’ve been using Friskies (5.5 oz cans) and Fancy Feast (3 oz cans) brands because they do not contain toxic sodium selenite; see my article Beware: Sodium selenite in pet food is toxic for more about this. Canned foods offer more needed moisture than dry kibble offers. However, they are still low on the “good” list of foods for cats.

Daily amount of canned foods for adult cats

(from Purina, re their Friskies brand): 

“Feed adult cats 1 to 1-1/4 oz per pound of body weight daily. Divide into two or more meals. Adjust as needed to maintain ideal body condition. Kittens need up to twice as much food as adult cats and should be fed all they will eat two or three times daily.”

  • My new 1-year old Teddy: I got him from our local animal shelter in Oct ’20; at that time, he weighed about 8 lbs, and was very skinny because he didn’t like the kibble they fed him. When I started giving him canned or homemade food, he ate it up and wanted more, eating 8 – 10 oz daily (up to two 5.5 oz cans). By Christmas ’20, he had gained a lot of weight and has quite a round belly.
  • My 16+ year-old Charlie has early-stage kidney disease and other health issues. He used to weigh about 11 lbs, but as of Oct ’20, he has lost weight (he’s skin and bones now) because he doesn’t eat much, only ½ – 1 can of Fancy Feast (1.5 – 3 oz) daily. Nov ’20 update: turns out he had a sick tooth which is why he wasn’t eating much; it finally fell out and now his gums are healing and he eats more canned or homemade cat food (sodium-selenite-free). Hooray!
  • May ’21: I’m starting to feed both cats raw or lightly-cooked wild-caught salmon or cod. They both prefer the lightly cooked version, so I’ll slowly add in a bit of the raw to get them used to it.

Foods for Dogs:

I don’t have a dog, so I’ve not been able to do any experimentation of homemade dog foods.However, when I was a child in the 50’s, our dog, Mikki, mostly ate ground beef, lamb or chicken, and she loved it!

Just as for cats, kibble should be your last choice, and it should be quality kibble such as Origen brand.

Homemade Wet Foods for Dogs

  • (not yet)

Pet Health and Homemade Remedies, Treatments

Choking

from Mercola-Pets

Choking Hazards (see article for more detail)

  1. Toys
  2. Bones and chews
  3. Collapsing trachea
  4. Too-tight collars
  5. Sticks and stones

What to do if your pet is chocking: watch the 1:19 minute video on the site or on YouTube.

Constipation (Cats and Dogs)

Cats: My vet recommended canned pumpkin as a remedy for my elderly cat’s severe constipation. Typical dosage (per PetMD) is ½-4 tsp, 1-2 times daily. Start with the lower dose to be sure your cat can tolerate it (many cats love it). 

Kitty Cat Tips writes:

“[For] an adult cat, you’ll need to give your cat ½ to 1 teaspoon of pumpkin a day. Kittens should have no more than ½ a teaspoon of pumpkin per day. 

If your cat’s bowel movements aren’t normal within 24 to 48 hours, you can increase the amount of pumpkin. Give them 1 teaspoon of pumpkin twice a day. If necessary, you can double this to two teaspoons twice a day.”

Dogs: Per PetMD, it is also good for dogs with constipation. Pet Dog Owner suggests:

“The recommendation for constipation is usually one tablespoon for every 10 pounds.”

For both cats and dogs, DO NOT use pumpkin-pie filling, nor any form of pumpkin that includes added sugar.

UTI Health

D-mannose for a cat’s urinary tract health.

My cat Charlie is 18 years old and was diagnosed with early-stage kidney failure when he was 14. I use D-mannose in my morning smoothie every day, for my own health. So on 3/24/21, I looked it up online:

  • vetinfo.com (check out Carollynn Rohr’s comment on that page). They recommend 1 tsp of D-mannose powder/day, mixed in water which can then be added to the cat food. (I use NOW brand of D-Mannose powder which provides 2 g/tsp).  Carollynn’s cat had some type of blockage in his urinary tract, so she mixed 1 tsp D-mannose powder with 1 Tbsp water and mixed that into her cat’s wet food, hourly, 4-times that day. It resolved the blockage.
  • SweetCures recommends a daily dosage roughly based on 1g ½ tsp) per 10kg (22 pounds) of the animal’s weight. My cat’s weight is about half that, so his dose would be about 0.5 g/day (or about ¼ tsp/day). 

My digital scale doesn’t measure less than 1 g, which is about 1 tsp of D-mannose powder, so the two recommendations (above) match. Here’s what I will test: Dissolve ½ tsp (1g) in 2 tsp water, and mix 1 tsp of that mix with 1-day’s worth of cat food; this equates to about ½ g/day. I will test this for a week or so, and update this posting with my findings. June ’22 update: I never tested it, but I will now because his kidney problem has gotten worse. 

My test, 6/18/22: Dissolve ½ tsp D-Mannose in 2 tsp water, to mix with Charlie’s daily food (or ½ tsp of the mix/serving)

HomeoPet for UTI health

This is a liquid homeopathic remedy that you can add to your pet’s water and/or food; for adult cat weighing 20 lbs or less, the recommended dose is 15 drops, 3-times/day. See Amazon code B00EOOQCJG for a 15 ml bottle to give it a try.

Jun 2021: I am gonna give this a try; my elderly cat, Charlie, has kidney disease, and I want to make his last days/years as pleasant as possible.

My articles on other health issues for cats:

Articles on Other Sites:

 Risks and Other Info for/about Pets

Sodium Selenite:

Xylitol for dogs:

While xylitol is safe for humans, it is very toxic for dogs – right after chocolate. This includes any food or treat that contains xylitol. See Mercola-Pets article for more. The article says it is toxic for pets, but only discusses dogs, not cats, but I’ll bet it’s bad for cats, too. 

The problem of tap and distilled water:

See VetWater (vetwater.com): I found this site when looking for water filters for my cats’ water dispenser; I’ve not yet tried it (3/16/21), as I use water from my reverse-osmosis filter; however, its pH is not slightly acidic, so I will figure out how to correct that.

VetWater’s product, “CATWATER,”  is available on Amazon (code: B08BJ85RMV), and is intended to help your cat’s urinary tract health. From their site:

  • “Helps increase water consumption in cats. CATWATER is ozonated and chlorine-free with a light rate of acidity which encourages cats to drink more.
  • Helps promote an ideal urinary pH; CATWATER has a perfectly balanced pH between 6.2 and 6.4 that suits cats need [Cat’s note: this pH is slightly acidic – less acidic than distilled water]
  • Helps minimize the presence of the minerals responsible for causing crystals and stones in the bladder…. CATWATER contains no minerals associated to urinary problems.”

Carcinogenic Glyphosate in Pet Foods

See Mercola-Health Pets article: Carcinogenic-Glyphosate in Pet Foods for more detail. From the article [or my notes in square brackets], the following foods are in order from best-to-worst:

    • The best food for cats and dogs is fresh raw meat;
    • Next is freeze-dried raw meat;
    • [Lightly-cooked fresh meat];
    • Mostly-raw homemade pet food; however, avoid cooking oils that contain corn or soy products, even if they’re organic;
    • Certified Organic canned pet food [choose sodium-selenite-free, menadione-free];
    • Non-organic canned pet food [choose sodium-selenite-free, menadione-free];
    • Regular dried kibble;
    • The worst is grain-free kibble (especially if contains oats or legumes such as pea-protein, chickpeas, and/or lentils)

Plants (In- and out-doors) that Can Kill your Pet

See Mercola-pets article: 4 Plants That Can Kill your Pet for more information. The plant that concerns me most for my cats is “lilies:”

“Lilies from the lilium and Hemerocallis species (called “true” lilies) are deadly to kitties. These include the Easter, tiger, Japanese show, stargazer, rubrum, and day lily. Just two to three leaves or petals, or even the pollen or water from a vase holding the lilies, can result in severe acute kidney failure and death.

Signs of poisoning include vomiting, lack of appetite, abnormal urination, lethargy, and progressive kidney damage. Treatment typically involves a 48-hour hospital stay, aggressive decontamination, anti-vomiting meds, and intravenous (IV) fluids. With immediate treatment, most cats can survive this type of poisoning.”

Other Risks, Info

    • Pet Health Secrets Most Vets Won’t Tell You (From TTAC for Pets) discusses 4 main topics:
        1. Do Pet food Standards Provide a False Sense of Security?
        2. The #1 Thing You Can Do: Read a Pet Food Label
        3. Are Your Pets Drinking Enough Water?
        4. Pet Obesity and Health: The Problem with Overweight Pets
    • How to Help your Cat Live a Longer Life (Mercola article); here’s highlights of the top 8 ways:
      1. Species-specific diet: Cats need a high moisture, high protein, low carb diet;
      2. Maintain a healthy weight – don’t overfeed, especially with carbs. “Calculate calorie requirements for your cat’s ideal weight, measure his food portions using a measuring cup or scale.” [link goes to another Mercola article].
      3. Consistent daily exercise: “includes at least 20 minutes of high-intensity activity such as playing and chasing will help your cat burn fat and increase muscle tone.”
      4. Indoor living: even tho it is not their native habitat, cats have evolved, and an indoor life has far fewer health risks.
      5. Environmental enrichment: The more comfortable your feline family member feels in your home, the lower her stress level.
      6. Crate training isn’t just for dogs; being crate-trained helps when you have to take your cat to a vet, for example.
      7. Grooming: while your cat is naturally a good groomer, “it’s a good idea to teach your kitty to accept regular gentle brushing or combing.”
      8. Veterinary health checkups: most young healthy cats only need a checkup once a year, cats 7-years or older, or those with chronic health issues should have two visits annually.
    • Supplements “Potentially Lifesaving for You, Poison to Your Pet” (Mercola’s Health Pets site)
    • Synthetic vitamin K (Menadione or K3) may be Toxic to your Cat’s Liver (Mercola’s Health Pets site); from the article: Menadione (synthetic vitamin K), widely used in all types of pet food, has been identified as a liver toxin, even in very small amounts. Check labels, even in raw pet foods, for presence of this nutrient; look for menadione, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (MSBC), or vitamin K3. I just checked the 2 canned cat foods I use (Friskies and Fancy Feast); both use MSBC. Fortunately, the 2 kibble brands I use (Orijen and Acana) do NOT contain either form of menadione.
    • Many cat and dog foods contain grains or soy as a first or second ingredient; yet cats are obligatory carnivores, meaning their diet must be primarily animal-foods (meats, organs, etc; though some plants can be used medicinally, such as catnip, pumpkin puree, and slippery elm) and  dogs are regular carnivores, meaning they can utilize a small amount of carbs, but rely mainly on animal foods. One brand that breaks those rules is Hill’s Science Diet, which they tout as “Veterinarian Recommended.” Their foods also contain sodium selenite, a toxic form of the essential mineral, selenium (see my article: Beware: Sodium selenite in pet food is toxic for more). See Hill’s Science Diet website for list of ingredients in each of their pet foods
    • Beware of toxic ingredients in household cleaners, such as limonene (a compound with a lemon, orange or pine scent) [see article: healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2022/06/19/secondary-organic-aerosols-toxicity.aspx]
  •