Borscht – Eastern European Beet Soup

Beets at market

Beets at market

by Cat, Oct 2008 (photo from Wikimedia Commons

Even though we ate a lot of beets when I was a child, I’d never had borscht, until I was in my 20s.  The story of that first borscht is one of my favorite memories.

I’d taken the bus from Portland to Spokane, on the way to visit my Mom in Montana.  The bus route from Spokane to the Flathead was horrible, so Mom agreed to drive to Spokane to pick me up.  It was November.  As we pulled out of Spokane it started to snow, and by the time we got to Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, it was beginning to be a blizzard.  Mom didn’t want to cross 4th of July pass in the bad weather, so I suggested we turn north to Sandpoint and spend the night with my college friend, Heidi.  So we pulled into a gas station and I called Heidi to let her know we were on our way, and to get instructions to her house out in the country.

See also: Root Vegetables (About), How to cook beets; and from Mercola: Benefits of Beets (3)

An hour later, driving through foot-deep snow in the fading evening light, we pulled into Heidi’s yard. She opened her kitchen door, warm light spilling out onto the darkened porch, and gave us each a big hug.  “Come on into my kitchen, I’m making dinner.”

We shook the snow off our shoulders and shoes, and stepped inside.  Heidi opened her oven door and took out a loaf of black bread, and set it on her table.  “When you called, I decided to make something special.  I’ve never made either of these before, but I found the recipes in that cookbook you gave me for Christmas last year,”  she said, as she lifted the lid from the soup pot.  “I just love that book!”

Mom and I walked over to her stove and peered into the pot through the steam.  It was as red as a bowl of rubies, and the smell was heavenly.

“Borscht,” Heidi said.

That was the most wonderful dinner.  She put a dollop of sour cream on each of our bowls of borscht, and served the bread with homemade butter from her own cow’s cream.  We forgot about that blizzard outside.  We forgot about the frozen roads.  Our hearts melted as the soup warmed us from inside out.

About Borscht

Borscht is a common food in eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia. There are many versions, including:

  • Clear Borscht (strained of the vegetables so only the red broth remains), which can be served warm or chilled;
  • Borscht with tomatoes added (this is an Americanization, and I don’t care for it);
  • Vegetarian Borscht with chunks of veggies; and
  • Crimean Borscht, made with chunks of beef or wild game in addition to the veggies.

My favorite is the latter, and is the recipe I present here, adapted from Soup, by Coralie Castle.  The vegetarian suggestions are from the Vegetarian Epicure by Anna Thomas, and is the version Heidi served.

Most borscht includes other root veggies besides beets; most commonly carrots, turnips or rutabagas, parsnips, potatoes and onion. Cabbage is also a common ingredient. All of these veggies will keep through the winter in cold storage.

Crimean Borscht

This recipe serves 6 – 10 people.  I usually freeze half for future.

I like to make up an extra big batch of the broth and freeze half for future use, then make borscht with the other half. In this case, after searing meat and sautéing the veggies, I remove all and deglaze the pan with ½ cup red wine. Then add all back to the pan and simmer.

Long marrow bones can be hard to come by. As a substitute, you can use oxtail or short ribs (with the ribs). And stew meat is a good substitute for brisket.

For a different flavor, slice a granny smith apple and add with the beets and veggies.


  • Broth:
  • 1 ½ pounds beef brisket or meaty, lean short ribs, cut up
  • ¼ cup minced fresh parsley
  • 1 carrot, chopped or sliced
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 leeks, white part only, sliced
  • ½ pound salt pork, diced (optional)
  • 3 Tbsp butter
  • ½ cup red wine (optional)
  • 8 cups filtered water
  • 6 peppercorns
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 tsp Unrefined sea salt
  • Soup:
  • 6 beets, cut in ½ inch dice
  • 1 carrot, sliced
  • 2 potatoes, cut in ½ inch dice
  • ½ cup rutabaga or turnip, cut in ½ inch dice
  • 1 parsnip, cut in 1½” dice (optional)
  • 3 cups finely shredded cabbage
  • 1 cup or more reserved meat (from the broth)
  • 1 tsp sour salt (citric acid) or a few drops wine vinegar
  • 1 tsp Rapadura sugar
  • ¼ tsp black pepper
  • Unrefined sea salt to taste
  • Garnish:
  • sour cream
  • minced fresh dill, or dried dill weed


  • 2 bowls (to hold prepped veggies)
  • 2 – 3 quart stock pot


  1. Prep: Cut up beef and set aside;
  2. Mince parsley; chop/slice carrot, onion and leeks; and dice the salt pork; keep all together for the broth.
  3. Dice beets, potatoes, rutabaga/turnip and parsnip (if using); slice carrot. Combine all in a bowl and place in fridge.
  4. Shred cabbage finely into a separate bowl and place in fridge.
  5. Broth: If desired, sear beef and bones in hot lard until brown. Turn heat to lowest setting and use a simmer plate if necessary. Cover pot and let meat sweat about 20 minutes, then remove to a bowl or plate. (Sweating increases the intensity of the beef flavor).
  6. In same pot, sauté parsley, chopped and sliced veggies, and salt pork (if using) in butter or lard until golden.
  7. If desired, deglaze pan with red wine; this is especially good if you plan to reserve part of the broth as stock for another use.
  8. Add beef, water and seasonings.  Cover; bring to a boil, and skim.  Simmer for 2 hours or longer, as necessary for meat to be tender. (the longer you cook it, the more marrow from the bones).
  9. Strain off broth. Remove meat from bones and and dice; set aside. Compost the veggies.
  10. SoupBring stock/broth to boil, add beets, carrot, potatoes, rutabagas or turnips, and optional parsnips. Simmer 10 minutes.
    • NOTE: If part of the borscht will be stored for a later meal(s), set it aside using Mason jar(s) if you plan to freeze it; don’t add cabbage and reserved meat until you plan to serve the soup.
  11. On day of serving, add cabbage and reserved meat. Bring to boil and cook 5 minutes.  Alternately, add the meat before bringing to a boil, and add the cabbage just before serving.
  12. Add seasonings, and adjust to taste.
  13. Serve, adding a dollop of sour cream to each bowl and sprinkling with a generous amount of dill.

Assembly or Serving ideas

  • Serve with a hearty rye or black bread and plenty of butter.

Vegetarian Adaptation:

Use 1 ½ – 2 quarts Potato Peel Broth instead of the beefy broth described here.  You can also add ½ pound dried black mushrooms when you start the potato peel broth, for a woodsy flavor.


  1. Soup, by Coralie Castle
  2. The Vegetarian Epicure, by Anna Thomas
  3. Mercola on Benefits of Beets:

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